Bolt Introduction And Application Analysis
Bolt: A mechanical part, a cylindrical threaded fastener with a nut. A type of fastener consisting of a head and a screw (a cylinder with external threads), which needs to be matched with a nut to fasten two parts with through holes. This connection form is called bolt connection. If the nut is unscrewed from the bolt, the two parts can be separated, so the bolt connection is a detachable connection.
According to the way of connection force: divided into ordinary and hinged holes.
According to the shape of the head: there are hexagonal head, round head, square head, countersunk head and so on. Among them, the hexagonal head is the most commonly used. Generally, countersunk heads are used where connections are required.
The English name of the riding bolt is U-bolt. It is a non-standard part. It is U-shaped, so it is also called a U-bolt. There are threads at both ends that can be combined with a nut. It is mainly used to fix tubular objects such as water pipes or sheet objects such as automobile plates. The spring is called a riding bolt because the way it fixes an object is like a person riding on a horse.
According to the thread length, it is divided into two types: full thread and non-full thread.
According to the tooth type of the thread, it is divided into two types: coarse tooth and fine tooth, and the coarse tooth type is not displayed in the logo of the bolt.
Bolts are divided into eight grades
Of 3.6, 4.8, 5.6, 5.8, 8.8, 9.8, 10.9, and 12.9 according to their performance grades. Among them, the bolts above grade 8.8 (including grade 8.8) are made of low-carbon alloy steel or medium carbon steel and have been heat-treated (quenched). + tempering), commonly known as high-strength bolts, and below grade 8.8 (excluding grade 8.8) are commonly referred to as ordinary bolts.
Ordinary bolts can be divided into three grades of A, B, and C according to the manufacturing accuracy. Grades A and B are refined bolts, and Grade C is rough bolts. For connecting bolts for steel structures, unless otherwise specified, they are generally ordinary rough grade C bolts.
There are differences in the processing methods of different levels, and the corresponding processing methods are usually as follows:
The bolt rods of A and B bolts are processed by lathes, with smooth surfaces and precise dimensions. The material performance grade is 8.8. The production and installation are complicated, the price is high, and they are rarely used;
Grade C bolts are made of unprocessed round steel, the size is not accurate enough, and its material performance grade is 4.6 or 4.8.
The deformation is large during the shear connection, but the installation is convenient and the production cost is low. It is mostly used for tensile connection or temporary fixation during installation.
Bolt has a lot of call, and everyone call may be different, and someone is into screw, and someone is into bolt nail, and someone is into fastening member, and someone is into securing member. Although there are so many names, the meaning is the same, they are all bolts. A bolt is a general term for a fastener. Bolt is the physical and mathematical principle of using the oblique circular rotation and friction of the object to tighten the device parts step by step.
Bolt, be can’t do without when neutralizing in the middle of commercial production manufacture at daily life, and bolt is also referred to as the rice of industry. The utilization of visible bolt is extensively.
The operation strategies of bolt has: electronic product, engineering goods, digital product, power equipment, dynamo-electric engineering goods. Ships and ships, vehicles, hydraulic engineering, even also use bolt in chemical experiment.
Anyway it is that super many places are useful bolt.
The special precision bolt used above such as digital product. Miniature bolts used in DVD, cameras, glasses, clocks, electronics, etc.;
General bolts for television, electrical products, musical instruments, furniture, etc.;
As for engineering, construction and bridges, large bolts and nuts are used;
Vehicles, airplanes, trams, automobiles, etc. are used in combination with large and small bolts.
Vital task industrially born by bolt, as long as there is industry on the earth, then the function of bolt will be the most important.
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