The classification and applicable scope of medical protective clothing
Medical protective clothing includes all kinds of clothing specially worn in the medical environment, so there are many classification methods.
1.According to usage
According to the use and occasion, it can be divided into: daily work clothes, surgical clothes, isolation clothes and protective clothes.
2.According to the service life
According to the service life, medical protective clothing can be divided into disposable protective clothing and reusable protective clothing.
Disposable protective clothing is discarded after use without disinfection or washing. It is easy to use and can avoid cross-infection. However, the degradation of disposable materials is easy to cause environmental pollution. Generally, surgical protective clothing and isolation clothing with high protective requirements are used in this way. Types of. After repeated use, it needs to be washed and sterilized. The material is usually more comfortable, but the protection performance is usually poor. The washing and disinfection process will also increase the cost of labor and water resources, and the protection requirements are usually small. Most of the daily work clothes use this type.
3.According to the material
According to different processing techniques of materials, medical protective clothing is divided into woven and non-woven protective clothing.
Woven materials are mainly used for processing reusable medical protective clothing, including traditional woven fabrics, high-density fabrics, coated fabrics and laminated fabrics.
Non-woven fabric protective clothing materials are basically disposable, using more spun-bonded non-woven fabrics, spunlace non-woven fabrics, SMS (spunbond-meltblown-spunbond) composite nonwoven fabrics, flash method Non-woven fabrics and spun-bonded fabric laminated products, etc. Generally, non-woven protective clothing has better protection than mechanical materials.
Method of putting on and taking off medical protective clothing
Wash hands first, wear hats and masks, wear protective clothing after taking off shoes, pull the zipper and stick the tape, wear medical gloves, wear disposable gowns, wear latex gloves (outer layer), wear boot covers and shoe covers, and protect Eyepieces and protective screens to check tightness and stretchability.
Medical protective clothing is usually designed with a closed placket, that is, the inner zipper is closed, the outer padded placket, and the zipper and velcro are stitched through a flat seam. In addition to better wear and tear, this design can make the fit closer.
Medical protective clothing grade
China’s protective clothing classification standard is the People’s Republic of China pharmaceutical industry standard YY / T 1499-2016 “liquid barrier performance and classification of medical protective clothing”, which divides medical protective clothing into 4 levels, the higher the level, the better the protective performance。
Medical protective clothing related standards
Internationally, the European standard EN14126-2003 “Protective clothing-Performance requirements and test methods for protective clothing against infectious sources” divides protective clothing into 6 categories. The biomarked protective clothing marked with the letter “B” can be used for medical care Personal protection; American standard NFPA1999: 2018 “Protective clothing and equipment for emergency medical operations”, which specifies detailed protective clothing and equipment, and does not classify medical protective clothing.
The above is a summary of knowledge about medical protective clothing classification, grade, scope of application, standards and putting on and taking off methods.
Above is a summary of knowledge about medical protective clothing classification, grade, scope of application, standards and putting on and taking off methods.
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